Throughput Accounting and Lean Accounting

A grounding in the main issues in the Theory of Constraints, Throughput Accounting and Lean Accounting

Last updated 6/2023 English

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The purpose of management accounting is to support decision-making and performance management in an organisation.

As accountants, therefore, we must have a wide range of tools and techniques that we can use to support the needs of our organisations. Throughput Accounting and Lean Accounting are both examples of flow accounting that provide tools for process-orientated organisations.

Throughput Accounting is designed to support management accounting in organisations that are implementing the tenets of the Theory of Constraints.

Lean Accounting, like Throughput Accounting, focuses on improving the flow of work through a business process and provides a variety of flexible tools to measure, manage and improve performance.

This course covers the Theory of Constraints, Throughput Accounting and Lean Accounting to give learners a thorough grounding of the main issues.

Topics covered include:

  1. What is the Theory of Constraints?
  2. What is Throughput Accounting?
  3. The Performance Measures of Throughput Accounting
  4. What is Lean Accounting?
  5. The Seven Aims of Lean Accounting
  6. Lean Performance Measures
  7. Performance measures and decision-making in Lean Accounting
  8. Accounting Transactions in Lean
  9. Throughput Accounting, Lean Accounting and the Financial Statements

There is a lot to cover and I have made it as clear and accessible as possible. Other than an interest in business finance and performance management, there are no pre-requisites for this course. I hope you enjoy it.

Who this course is for

  1. Accounting students
  2. Accountants and financial managers in business
  3. Management accountants
  4. Business managers with an interest in financial performance management
  5. Learners with an interest in process management and costing
  6. Anyone interested in business management and improvement


  1. The course was very good. I learned much and the information was presented concisely ~ M Dillard
  2. A really good course on throughput accounting, highlighting the concept of TOC and lean accounting ~ V Sankar

What you'll learn

  1. The Basics of the Theory of Constraints
  2. Key Principles in Throughput Accounting
  3. Why "flow" is important in the Theory of Constraints, Throughput Accounting and Lean Accounting
  4. The Performance Measures and KPIs of Throughput Accounting
  5. What Lean Accounting is and how it works
  6. A definition of Lean
  7. The Five Principles of Lean
  8. A brief history of Cost Accounting
  9. The Seven aims of Lean Accounting
  10. The Principles of Lean Performance Measures
  11. The Three levels of Performance Measure
  12. A starter set of Lean Performance Measures
  13. Performance improvement in Lean Accounting
  14. What is Value Stream Management?
  15. Kinds of Value Stream
  16. Key Lean Accounting tools
  17. Lean Accounting and accounting transactions
  18. Quantifying the benefits of improvement
  19. Lean Accounting and Customer Value
  20. Why plan by Value Stream?
  21. Throughput Accounting and Lean Accounting versus Financial Accounting


  1. An understanding of the basic principles of accounting will help learners but is not essential
  2. An understanding of the accounting terms "marginal costing" and "contribution" will be beneficial

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